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top prev next bottom Wine Rack -- 18 hours -- Can$ 205.00 -- Intermediate

We used to have a simple wine rack with a storage capacity of 30 bottles; plenty for our limited consumption. But when we came back from a wine tour to Penticton in British Columbia we suddenly had to store an additional 5 cases of wine (60 bottles). The design you see here is what I wanted to make. It has a capacity of 172 bottles: 16 per square and 6 per triangle. The one I actually made is 10" lower due to limited storage space under our stairs, and holds 144 bottles. This is actually an easy project, but I classified it as intermediate as it requires very accurate cutting of the panels.

top prev next bottom Pictures (20-Jan-2007)

Click on a picture to get a larger picture and then used the back button of the browser to return.

How others did it

top prev next bottom Plans, Drawings, Sketches (inches) (13-Feb-2006)

wine rack -- front view

wine rack -- filler piece detail

wine rack -- cutting plan

To view or print the full scale drawing just click on a drawing, and then use the print-preview of the browser to select portrait/landscape format and (re)size the drawing before doing the actual printing.

top prev next bottom Materials List (inches)

no. description length width thickness suggested basic material, comments
2 left/right panel 59  13/32 11  3/4  3/4 2 sheets 4ft x 8ft G2S red oak plywood
2 top/bottom panel 41  3/32 11  3/4  3/4 see above
4 diagonal panels, 4 sections 56 11  3/4  3/4 see above
4 diagonal panels, 2 sections 28 11  3/4  3/4 see above
3 foot 11  3/4  3  3/4 see above
2 back board 60  13/32 40  19/32  1/4 1 sheets 4ft x 8ft G1S red oak plywood
1 pre-glued red oak veneer 58 feet  3/4   actual size is 7/8" (ironed on)
58 triangle filler 11  3/4  3/4  3/4 8 ft solid red oak 1" x 5" (see note)
12 biscuit  #20      
  LePage carpenter's glue       yellow, cabinet maker's quality
  nails  1      
  acrylic urethane varnish        

The 8 feet solid red oak board for the triangles has a finished size of 3/4" by 4 1/2". It is just enough to cut the triangles from it, but it gets pretty dicey -- read very unsafe -- to cut the last 3/4" by 1" piece in half. Therefore I strongly recommend that you buy at least a 1" by 6" board to give yourself something to hold on to.

top prev next bottom Required Tools

top prev next bottom Construction

All measurements are in inches (1 inches = 2.54 cm) because all wood measurements in the shop are in inches. I recommend to cut, shape and sand all pieces and dry fit them together with clamps.

Cut and shape the stock

Cut all the pieces according to the sizes in the materials list. Next cut the slots in the diagonal panels and taper the ends as described in the the section below. This is a good time to dry fit everything together on its back on the ground. Keep things together with a strap around the outside.

When you are happy with the fit then it is time to work on the top/bottom and side pieces. I use three #20 biscuit at each joint. Make sure that you stick to the inside measurements as indicated in the top drawing. Alternatively you can use three 2" screws per joint; don't forget to pre-drill and countersink. One more dry fit just to make sure. Before taking it apart mark the front side of all panels.

Next warm up the iron at high (linen) as it is now time to veneer the edges of the various panels with the pre-glued veneer. Cut off a piece of veneer about 1/2" to 1 " longer than what is needed. Lay it on the edge that needs to be veneered and slowly iron it on. It needs several passes. Be careful as the surface gets hot and the edges of the veneer splinter easily. Take a 2" by 3" block of wood and press it over the veneer making sure that there is good contact between the veneer and the panel side. After it is cooled down take a sharp utility knife and carefully cut off the excess veneer. Using a sanding block with 220 grid sandpaper sand the veneer edge flush with the panel and finish it with sanding the edge at 45° in one or two passes. First do the sides and then the front of the top and bottom pieces. Then do all the marked front edges. For the panels with the slots at the front glue a whole strip of veneer in place. Finish as described above and finally carefully cut away the veneer at the slot opening. For the foot pieces do the sides first and then the front.

Final assembly

Put the biscuits with glue in the top and bottom pieces, put glue in the biscuit slots and on the edges of the side pieces, and put everything together on its back on the ground. Make sure that the veneered side are in the front. Put one or two straps around it as tight as possible. Ensure that everything is square by measuring the diagonal opposite corners making them the exact same length. Let it dry overnight.

Nail the back board in place with a few temporary nails. Check that the top, bottom and side panels are all straight. Put the whole lot back on its back. Place all the diagonal panels inside without glue. Adjust where needed and use clamps to make everything fit nice and snug. Next the triangle filler pieces need to be glued in place. The triangle filler pieces need to be tapered at 45° towards the point where the various panels come together. You need 38 pieces tapered towards the 90°, 10 tapered towards the left 45° and 10 tapered towards the right 45°. Study the drawings above. The best way is to make a few jigs and use the compound miter saw. A tedious job, but it gives a professional look. Apply glue to the two surfaces and put in place. Take your time. Do the corners first and let dry for half an hour. Then do the other edge joints and let dry for another half hour. Try not to shift or bang against the wine rack while gluing the triangle filler pieces. Do the rest and let dry for a whole day.

Glue the three feet in place and use a few finishing nails to keep them in place. Finally put the wine rack face down. Take the back board off. Apply a little bit of glue on various strategic edges of the panels and then put the back board in place securing it with the finishing nails.

Stain it with a colour that you like and finish it with at least two coats of an acrylic urethane varnish. When you need help sampling the wine... well, you can always contact me.

Slots in diagonal panels (inches)

The required slots in the diagonal panels are 3/4" wide and a little bit deeper than 5 7/8" or a wee bit more than half the panel width. A 3/4" dado would be fine, but my experience is that a 24 teeth dado gives a lousy finish on plywood. In this case the recommended tool is your good old table saw with a 10" 80 teeth fine finishing blade. Use a cross-cutting board with the blade set as high as possible. Yes you have to make two cuts per slot and your need a (3/4") chisel to clean up. The 28" panels have one slot and the 56" panels have three slots.

description start end
1st slot 13  5/8 14  3/8
2nd slot 27  5/8 28  3/8
3rd slot 41  5/8 42  3/8

After the slots are done put your blade at 45° and using the cross-cutting board again cut off 3/8" of both sides at both ends of the panels (look at drawing detail C). Make sure that you do not cut off too much as that will shorten the panel and results in a very sloppy fit. The trick I use is to draw a pencil line at the center of the panel end. The idea is that the pencil line should just be visible when you are finished tapering both sides. This is the real challenge of the project.

top prev next bottom References

None.

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